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Gamewell FCI E3 to Modbus RTU

A FieldServer protocol gateway that provides data exchange between Gamewell FCI E3 and Modbus RTU. Modbus Serial over RS232 or RS485. We have all variants of this protocol. The Gamewell FCI E3 Series System Control Units are manufactured by Fire ...
SKU:
FS-QS-1220-0673
Max Points
Max Points: 250, 500
Gamewell FCI E3 to Modbus RTU
This product is only available upon request Contact us now for a quote

Gamewell FCI E3 to Modbus RTU


Quickserver Gateway (Serial-Ethernet)

QuickServer is a high performance, fully configurable, cost effective Building and Industrial Automation gateway for integrators to easily interface devices to networks in commercial buildings and industrial plants.

System integrators world-wide have benefitted from the value of the powerful line of interoperability gateways offered by FieldServer. Now, QuickServer adds to that value by running the same robust FieldServer protocol conversion software on a highly cost effective platform backed by the experience, engineering expertise and proven technical support that integrators have come to expect from FieldServer.

QuickServer is available in two series. The FS-QS-10XX Series is preloaded with two BAS drivers (serial, Ethernet and/or LonWorks) from a choice of Modbus RTU, Modbus TCP, BACnet/IP®, BACnet MS/TP, LonWorks®, JCI Metasys® N2 and SNMP. Each QuickServer can handle up to 250 points.

The FS-QS-12XX Series QuickServer is available to use any Serial, Ethernet or LonWorks driver in the extensive FieldServer driver library. The FS-QS-12XX Series can handle up to 500 points and is available with a choice of RS-485, RS-232 or RS- 422 serial ports, KNX or M-Bus, in addition to Ethernet and LonWorks (optional).

Each QuickServer includes browser-based tools to make it easy to set-up QuickServer and perform diagnostics including determination of status, network settings, node information, map descriptors and more. The USB flash drive also includes the Discovery utility to determine what FieldServers are on a network.

Gamewell FCI-E3

The Gamewell FCI E3 Series System Control Units are manufactured by Fire Control Instruments. A Gamewell FCI-E3 Panel with an enabled serial port can transmit data to a FieldServer which can, in turn, make the data available to other devices including those which communicate using different protocols.

Messages received from the E3 are analyzed and are then either discarded or used to update the FieldServer’s internal Data Arrays depending on the configuration of the FieldServer. Once stored in the FieldServer the data is available to be read or written using other protocols.

This passive Client driver does not poll for data, nor does it send data or commands to the E3, thus it cannot be used to acknowledge, silence or reset alarms and other events.

No automatic panel data synchronization technique exists. The data in the FieldServer and the panel status have to be synchronized manually. This typically requires a panel reset.

The driver can process messages from networked panels. The driver connects to the main panel. Subsidiary panels are configured to send event data to the main panel which then sends messages to the FieldServer. Node information is sent in the line preceding the event and the driver uses this to determine the panel at which the event originated and to store data appropriately.

The driver provides both Client and Server emulation. The Server side of the driver is intended to support FieldServer’s Quality Assurance program and is not intended to provide complete emulation of an E3 and is thus not fully documented. Should you require the Server side functionality to be documented and enhanced, please contact FieldServer’s sales group. 

Modbus RTU

The Modbus RTU driver allows our FieldServer gateways to transfer data to and from devices over either RS-232 or RS-485 using Modbus RTU protocol. The Gateways are capable of being used as port expanders and can emulate either a Server or Client. The FieldServer is capable of supporting devices that use two Modbus Registers to transfer IEEE floating point format.


The information that follows describes how to expand upon the factory defaults provided in theconfiguration files included with the FieldServer.


There are various register mapping models being followed by various vendors.


  • To cover all these models FieldServer uses the following three Models
  • Modicon_5digit – Use this format where addresses are defined in 0xxxx, 1xxxx, 3xxxx or 4xxxxformat. A maximum of 9999 registers can be mapped of each type. This is FieldServer driver’sdefault format.
  • ADU –Application Data Unit address. Use this format where addresses of each type are definedin the range 1-65536
  • PDU –Protocol Data unit address. Use this format where addresses of each type are defined inthe range 0-65535.

The key difference between ADU and PDU is for example if Address_Type is ADU and address is 1, thedriver will poll for register 0. If Address_Type is PDU, the driver will poll for address 1. 


Manuals

FS-8700-01_Modbus_RTU
FS-8700-132 Gamewell FCI-E3 Protocol Manual
QuickServer Start-up Guide

Datasheets

FS-8700-01_Modbus_RTU
FS-8700-132 Gamewell FCI-E3 Protocol Data Sheet
QuickServer Data Sheet

Additional Information

ModbusRTU - Supported Functions

Supported Modbus Functions

01 Read Discrete Output Status (0xxxx)
02 Read Discrete Input Status (1xxxx)
03 Read Output Registers (4xxxx)
04 Read Input Registers (3xxxx)
05 Force Single Coil (0xxxx)
06 Preset Single Register (4xxxx)
15 Force Multiple Coils (0xxxx)
16 Preset Multiple Registers (4xxxx)

ModbusRTU - Supported Data Types

Supported Data Types

Bit

Byte

16 Bit Integer Signed

16 Bit Integer Unsigned

32 Bit Integer Signed

32 Bit Integer Unsugned

32 Bit Packed Bit

8 Bit Packed Bit

4 byte FLoating Point Numbers

ModbusRTU - Scaling and Bit Packing

Scaling / Bit Packing

FieldServers can scale data and manipulate values using some binary logic and arithmetic functions. Scaling can be applied to each block of Modbus Data read / served.

  • Move to change type : Convert from any FIeldServer Data Type to any other.
  • Move to pack/unpack bits and bytes: It’s possible to address each bit in a 8,16 or 32 bit data element by using the packed data types.
  • Move to change byte/word order: Handle the endianess of the remote system easily.
  • Convert to/from Float, MK10, IEE754, 32 bit, 16 bit, 8 bit numbers
  • Move conditionally:
  • Perform Arithmetic Operation: + – * div sqrt, sqr ,
  • Perform Binary Logic Operation: And, Or, Not, >, >= , <, <=

 

Most functions can be configured to occur on a configurable period or on update of the data source.

 

ModbusRTU - ModbusTCP - Port Expansion

Port Expansion

FieldServer can easily be configured to allows a Modbus RTU client to talk to a ModbusTCP server and vice versa. You do not need to tell the FIeldServer which registers to map from one to the other. You simply conifgure the FieldServer telling it which port and protocol to use for each node.

 

In port expansion mode configuration can be moinimal. Tell the gateway whihc nodes are on which port and set the port settings.

ModbusRTU - Free Booklet
Modbus - MK10 and 32 Bits Numbers

Scaling in Modbus

Modbus does not provide a method for transporting large or Floating Point numbers or a mechanism for scaling analog values. A 16 bit word can only contain values in the range 0-65535. Only whole numbers are permitted. To work around this many server device manufacturers use multipliers and document them in their manuals. For example, to report a temperature of 58.5 the device reports a value of 585, and makes a note in the manual that the master should scale by 10. This scaling is achieved by adopting a convention between the client and the server.
What about large numbers > 65535
Modbus does not provide a mechanism but 3 important schemes are widely used.

Long Integers – Two consecutive 16 bit words are interpreted as a 32 bit long integer.

MK10 values – Two consecutive words are used. The 1st reports the number of units and the 2nd reports the number of 10,000’s.

Floating Point Numbers – Two consecutive words are used and a scheme. These schemes are conventions and not all servers or clients support them.

The protocol does not identify these big numbers. Only the vendor docs do.
What we mean by this is – if you look at the byte stream in a Modbus message there is no way of telling whether you are looking at two consecutive 16 bit words, or two consecutive words that should be interpreted as floating point, long or MK10 formats. Because of this you always have to look to the vendor docs.

Modbus - Reading Vendor Modbus Maps

Reading Vendor Modbus Maps

 

If you are reading the documentation for sensor blocks, valves, and other devices, you must keep in mind that some vendors may document their hardware in different ways.

According to the Modbus standard, addresses are simply integers from 0 to 65,535 with the different address ranges being referred to as coils, holding registers, etc. However, some vendors will document their hardware using numerical prefixes which are not actually part of the Modbus address. This originated from some models of PLCs which used the Modbus communications protocol, and which also used numerical prefixes in their internal data table. This is similar to using “I”, “Q”, “V”, etc. as address prefixes in IEC type PLCs.

However, it is important to remember that these numerical prefixes are documentation methods and are not part of what the Modbus protocol itself sends as part of the messages. A difference in documentation methods does not affect the compatibility of the protocol itself.

These prefixes are they mentioned anywhere in the Modbus standard, but the following shows how they are typically used in documentation based on this older convention:

  • 0xxxx – Coils.
  • 1xxxx – Discrete inputs.
  • 3xxxx – Input registers.
  • 4xxxx – Holding registers.

Note that there is no 2xxxx address prefix.

In addition to numerical prefixes, some documentation will refer to protocol addresses (addresses start at 0), while other documentation will refer to data model addresses (addresses start at 1). That is, the first holding register may be 0 or 1 (or 40000 versus 40001 using prefixes). However, this has no bearing on what gets sent over the wire as a Modbus message. For a Modbus protocol message, the lowest address is always “0”, not “1”.

Modbus - Protocol Specifications
Modbus - Flavors of Modbus

Flavors of Modbus

RTU:

Common
Binary Protocol.
Active Master-passive Slave
Serial
Supported by FieldServers, QuickServers, CAS gateways

 

ASCII:

Similar to ModbusRTU but for each byte in an RTU message, there are 2 bytes in an ASCII message. The 2 bytes are the humand readable form of the single hex byte.
Eg RTU byte = 0x03 (Hex). ASCII bytes = ‘0’ and ‘3’ ie 0x30 and 0x33
Active Master-passive Slave
Serial
Supported by FieldServers, QuickServers

 

Jbus:

Modbus had the limitation of a max of 9999 items of each type. Ie only 9999 holding registers. However the protocol message allows 65k items to be addressed. JBUS allows all 65k items to be read/written. Other than that it is identical to RTU
Active Master-passive Slave
Serial
Supported by FieldServers, QuickServers, CAS gateways

 

TCP/IP:

Uses TCP/IP connection based Ethernet communications
Encapsulates RTU messages and adds a header.
A single slave can respond to multiple masters
Many slaves ignore the NodeID field in the message.
Supported by FieldServers, QuickServers, CAS gateways

 

MB Plus:

Proprietary coax networking layer
2 Mbits/sec
Supported by FieldServers, CAS gateways

Block Diagrams

LP Modbus
LP FCI Gamewell

Articles

Modbus - Minimum Function Implementation
Modbus - Convert between Modbus Flavors
Modbus - Digitrip 3000
How Real (Floating Point) and 32-bit Data is Encoded in Modbus RTU Messages
ModbusRTU - 7 Data Bits
Modbus - C#
Modbus - Modhopper
Modbus - 32 bit numbers
Modbus - Multiple Masters of one slave

Logos

Logo Modbus
Logo FCI Gamewell

Useful Links

Gateway Selector

Select your combination of protocols.
Protocol 1
Protocol 2

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