Intro to the BACnet Stack
BACnet is a communications protocol for Building Automation and Control (BAC) networks that leverage the ASHRAE, ANSI, and ISO 16484-5 standard protocol. It is currently the most popular protocol use in Building Automation Systems (BAS).
Chipkin’s BACnet Stack (CAS BACnet Stack) is a software library that allows you to add a native BACnet interface to your embedded devices or applications. The BACnet stack supports both BACnet server (Field device, power meter, gas detector, etc.) and BACnet client (HMI, Utilities, data loggers, etc.) services giving you the flexibility you need to succeed. The Chipkin BACnet Stack supports protocol revision 19, making it a global market leader and one of a few stacks that support revision 19. Chipkin attends plugfest annually and as of 2018 plugfest, our stack is one of the most up-to-date stacks in the market.
The BACnet Stack is a transport layer independent library, making it easy to use with any transport layer such as MSTP, IP, Ethernet, and even PTP and ARCnet. By giving you control of the transport layer you can optimize bandwidth and performance by exploiting the resources at your disposal, such as multi-threading and multiple simultaneous connections. See the diagram below of the BACnet Stack Layers which shows what portions are provided by the stack and what by the client:
*Area in the border is provided by the BACnet Stack. The area outside is provided by the client.
Benefit from our 20+ years of BACnet experience!!!
Take it from us, we have been working with BACnet for 20+ years. Our BACnet Stack Resume includes 10+ years of development, 25,000+ commits, 50,000+ lines of code, 2,500 unit tests, 50+ devices using the stack and among other capabilities, 1,000,000+ device installations. We know what we are doing. On top of that, we are also part of the BACnet Testing Laboratory Working Group. Purchasing the BACnet Stack from us will save you man-years of development when your company needs it the most. Let us handle the grunt work, BACnet Spec is complex and it takes months of work just to learn the details.
Chipkin’s BACnet Stack (CAS BACnet Stack) is an application layer BACnet library for embedded systems and application development. The stack allows applicable devices to communicate using several of the BACnet flavors and can function both as a server (Field Device, etc…) or as a client (HMI, etc…).
Because we have also built the stack to be BACnet spec compliant (we do things according to the BACnet spec.), No device that used our BACnet stack has ever failed to receive the BTL Certification (BACnet International BLT) by the BACnet Testing laboratories. We do things the right way from the start!
To ensure our BACnet stack is well tested and compatible with industrial leaders, Chipkin attends the yearly BACnet Plugfest to test new features and services from all of the leading manufacturers.
Furthermore, the CAS BACnet Stack is particularly well-suited to most contemporary programming styles as the API uses XML to transfer requests for packet building as well as for handling back-parsed packets.
- Supports both BACnet server and BACnet client functionality.
- Network layer independent supporting; BACnet IP, BACnet MSTP, and other BACnet network flavors.
- Interfaces a wide array of different programming languages. C, Python, C#, Java, Delphi, Node.JS, etc...
- Support Protocol Revision 19.
- Supports Windows, Linux, MacOS, RTOS, and embedded platforms.
- Supports decoding BACnet messages as XML.
- Supports BBMD, and Foreign device registration.
- Designed for maximum portability across a wide range of different architectures and operating systems. X86, 32-bit, 64-bit, ARM, AVR, Microchip, Freescale ColdFire, etc…
- Supports a wide range of compilers. GCC, Microsoft Visual C++, Borland C++, Code Warrior, IAR, CrossWorks, MicroChip MPLab.
- Need More Features, Contact us!!
Source Code and Code Quality
Chipkin's BACnet Stack source code conforms to the C++98 standard and is built for portability to many different operating systems and architectures.
Extensive unit tests have been written for our BACnet Stack in Google's C++ test framework. The source code has been tested with Valgrind to detect any memory leaks, threading issues, and performance profiling.
The CAS BACnet Stack is thread-safe and can be used on systems that do not support threading.
The CAS BACnet Stack source code has been compiled and tested with the following compilers:
The CAS BACnet Stack interfaces support building applications in your preferred programing language:
Other compilers and programming languages may be supported as well. Please Contact Us for more information
Example Source Code
Please read the License Agreement before downloading the Sample Code.
- BACnet Server Example CSharp, BACnet Client Example CSharp, BACnet Server Example NodeJS, BACnet Server Example C++
- BACnet Elevator Example CSharp - In this CAS BACnet Stack example, we create a BACnet IP server with Elevator groups, Lifs, Escalator objects using C#. This project was designed as an example for someone that wants to implement Elevator groups, Lifs, Escalator objects in a BACnet IP server using CSharp.
- ESP32 BACnet Server Example C++ - In this project we are using the CAS BACnet stack to generate a simple BACnet server, on an ESP32, with one Multi-state-value (MSV) object. The MSV shows the current mode of the built-in LED.
- BACnet Server Example Proprietary Property CSharp - A basic BACnet IP server example written in CSharp using the CAS BACnet Stack. In this example, we show how to add a proprietary property to a device object.
See below for a simplified example of creating a BACnet IP server.
Supported Architectures and Operating systems
The CAS BACnet Stack is designed for maximum portability and compatibility with as many different architectures and operating systems as possible.
The CAS BACnet Stack uses a series of callbacks for accessing operating systems and network functionality. An operating systems Interface has been created for the standard operating systems such as Windows, Linux, and RTOS and can be ported to other operating systems and embedded systems. Our BACnet stack can be considered network layer and operating systems independent.
As of 2019, the CAS BACnet Stack supports protocol revision 19, making it a global market leader and one of a few stacks that support revision 19. Chipkin attends plugfest annually and is one of the most up-to-date stacks in the market.
Operating systems Interface have been created for the following OS:
The CAS BACnet Stack has been ported to many different architectures. Below is a list of all tested functional architectures.
- Intel x86, 32-bit, 64-bit
- AMD 32-bit, 64-bit
- ARM (ARM Cortex-M4, ARMv7E-M, etc…)
- Freescale ColdFire
- Raspberry PI 2/3/4/Zero, Beaglebone, etc...
Porting to other systems and architecture is supported. Please Contact Us for more information
BACnet services supported!
The CAS BACnet Stack supports more BIBBs than almost any other BACnet Stack on the market.
- DS-RP-A: Data Sharing - ReadProperty-A
- DS-RP-B: Data Sharing - ReadProperty-B
- DS-RPM-A: Data Sharing - ReadPropertyMultiple-A
- DS-RPM-B: Data Sharing - ReadPropertyMultiple-B
- DS-WP-A: Data Sharing - WriteProperty-A
- DS-WP-B: Data Sharing - WriteProperty-B
- DS-WPM-A: Data Sharing - WritePropertyMultiple-A
- DS-WPM-B: Data Sharing - WritePropertyMultiple-B
- DS-COV-A: Data Sharing - Change Of Value-A
- DS-COV-B: Data Sharing - Change Of Value-B
- DS-COVP-A: Data Sharing - Change Of Value Property-A
- DS-COVP-B: Data Sharing - Change Of Value Property-B
- DS-COVU-A: Data Sharing - Change Of Value Unsubscribed-A
- DS-COVU-B: Data Sharing - Change Of Value Unsubscribed-B
- DS-V-A: Data Sharing - View-A
- DS-AV-A: Data Sharing - Advanced View-A
- DS-M-A: Data Sharing - Modify-A
- DS-AM-A Data Sharing - Advanced Modify-A
- DM-DDB-A Device Management - Dynamic Device Binding-A
- DM-DDB-B Device Management - Dynamic Device Binding-B
- DM-DOB-A Device Management - Dynamic Object Binding-A
- DM-DOB-B Device Management - Dynamic Object Binding-B
- DM-DCC-A Device Management - DeviceCommunicationControl-A
- DM-TS-A Device Management - TimeSynchronization-A
- DM-TS-B Device Management - TimeSynchronization-B
- DM-UTC-A Device Management - UTCTimeSynchronization-A
- DM-UTC-B Device Management - UTCTimeSynchronization-B
- DM-RD-A Device Management - ReinitializeDevice-A
- DM-OCD-A Device Management - Object Creation and Deletion-A
- DM-OCD-B Device Management - Object Creation and Deletion-B
- DM-ANM-A Device Management - Automatic Network Mapping-A
- DM-ADM-A Device Management - Automatic Device Mapping-A
- DM-MTS-A Device Management - Manual Time Synchronization-A
- T-VMT-I-B Trending - Viewing and Modifying Trends-Internal-B
- T-VMMV-I-B Trending - Viewing and Modifying Multiple Values-Internal-B
- NM-RC-B Network Management - Router Configuration-B
- NM-FDR-A Network Management - Foreign Device Registration-A
- GW-VN-B Gateway - Virtual Network-B
- GW-EO-B Gateway - Embedded Objects-B
Supported BACnet device profiles:
- B-ASC: BACnet Application Specific Controller
- B-SA: BACnet Smart Actuator
- B-SS: BACnet Smart Sensors
- B-GW: BACnet Gateway
Requirements and dependency
The CAS BACnet stack is designed to have minimum requirements to maximize the portability of the source code across as many platforms and architectures as possible. It has the ability to run on devices with very low resources by disabling BACnet services to reduce the required resources and dependencies.
- A relative millisecond timer
- C++ compiler
- Standard Template Library (STL)
- Networking: UDP for BACnet IP or RS485 Serial for BACnet MSTP
The amount of ram that the Chipkin BACnet stack requires depends on several factors including; BACnet Services supported, Object types supported, Object count, COV limits, etc...
BACnet objects supported
Our BACnet stack fully supports most commonly used BACnet objects, and partially supports some of the rarely used, advanced BACnet objects. See the list below:
- Event Enrollment
- Life Safety Point
- Life Safety Zone
- Notification Class
- Pulse Converter
- Access Door
Sending a new BACnet device to the BACnet Testing Laboratory (BTL) for certification can be a daunting task. Each issue or error that BTL discovers thought the testing process will add variable costs and delays. Depending on how long it takes your team to resolve the issues discovered during testing you may be bumped from your testing slot and have to wait for the next available testing slot.
Take it from us, we have been working with BACnet for 20+ years. Our BACnet Stack Resume includes 10+ years of development, 25,000+ commits, 50,000+ lines of code, 2,500 unit tests, 50+ devices using the stack and among other capabilities, 1,000,000+ device installations... Read More!
FREE CAS BACNET EXPLORER WITH THE PURCHASE OF A BACNET STACK!
Purchase any BACnet product from us and we will help you test and document the BACnet interface by providing a free full license to the CAS BACnet Explorer and a Hardcopy of the BACnet booklet.
The USB key and booklet ship with the FieldServer.
Learning about BACnet? Want to update your BACnet knowledge? This free EBook will guide you through basic and advanced BACnet topics.
CAS BACnet Explorer is the perfect utility for testing, debugging, and discovering BACnet® networks and devices. It is great for network diagnostics and discovering who is the problem. No more pointing fingers.
CAS BACnet Explorer performs the following functions within BACnet Networks: